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National Art Collection

The Great Masters of Turkish Painting

This selection aims at bringing together masterpieces of the important Turkish artists(for the time being painters) whose works can be seen in various departments of the Eczacıbaşı Virtual Museum. When choosing artists and their artwork images for this exhibition, concern and care has been shown to present works that will leave positive trails on our society's visual memory and help the formation of our younger generations aesthetic taste. The main aim is to imprint at least some of the important artworks of our artists in all Turkish citizens visual memories and to improve their visual preferences by uplifting their consciousness in this field. In this exhibition, Virtual Museum visitors can reach the images of artworks by Şeker Ahmet Âli Paşa, Osman Hamdi Bey, Süleyman Seyyid Bey, Hoca Ali Rıza, Hüseyin Zekai Paşa, Mehmet Ruhi (Arel), Mihri Müşfik Hanım, Hüseyin Avni Lifij, Namık İsmail, Eşref Üren, Muhittin Sebati, Fikret Muallâ Saygı, Hale Asaf, Eren Eyüboğlu, Bedri Rahmi Eyüboğlu, Nuri İyem, Avni Arbaş and Neşet Günal that have been selected mainly from retrospective exhibitions and other departments of the museum.

International Art Collection

Giuseppe Arcimboldo   Text     Biography  

“It wouldn’t be wrong to say that his intention was to create images that included both a superficial and deep philosophical approach and that he wanted to make the audience think about the perception of the whole image and its details. Whilst the purpose could be concealing reality behind creatures of nature and the strange structure of the human face; it just as well could involve exposing it.”

Haşim Nur Gürel
Hiroshige's Island   Text     Biography  

“He always enjoyed traveling; bad conditions or bad weather never disturbed him because he cherished every aspect of nature, which he reflected to the fullest in his prints. Hiroshige portrayed not only the beautiful sceneries of Edo, but also its people, culture, history and its spirit.”

İdil Ergün
Egon Schiele: Bird’s-Eye View of the World   Text     Biography  

“Whether it be a landscape, another person or himself, Schiele examined every object with the same interest and curiosity and gave effort to explore the thing in itself, hidden under the folds. By purifying the artwork from elements that was extra or covering the essence and hiding it, he represented us the pains of life, death and existence with all of its baldness by keeping distance to aesthetic approach of the period.

İdil Ergün
Celebrating Honoré Daumier's 200th   Text     Biography  

“In many aspects Daumier is an intriguing artist. One can accept that he was unique with respect to the times he lived in, his origins as a common people, his capability of reflecting the political and social environment and his talent as an artist in being able to create this atmosphere with different materials and techniques.”

Haşim Nur Gürel
The Artist of Aesthetic Life: Gustav Klimt   Text     Biography  

“From his birth in 1862 till his death in 1918, Gustav Klimt lived in considerable harmony with the fin de siecle of Vienna, and became a typical artist of the period. It is easy to trace the intellectual scene and social life of the end of the century Austria in his artistic life.”

Osman Erden
The Comet of Post-Impressionist Painting: George Seurat   Text     Biography  

George Seurat’s life story may be like a shooting star, visiting our planet just once, however the things he left behind and his memory preserve their values as the documental samples of a unique creator keeping some of the most important lessons for himself that could lead the ways of art enthusiasts.

Haşim Nur Gürel
Henri Rousseau - The Dreamed Reality   Text     Biography  

“Many artists were influenced by his style including Léger, Beckmann and the Surrealists. The Expressionists were impressed by his use of colors, the surrealist saw him as the pioneer of ‘Magic Realism’. He was a prominent artist in the rise of Modernism.

Wassily Kandinsky who bought his painting ‘Painter and a Model’ in 1912 described him as the ‘father of a new realism’.”

İdil Ergün
Vincent van Gogh - Flowers and Orchards in Blossom   Text     Biography  

“I propose to paint a series of pictures for the studio in the hope of living there together with Gauguin. Nothing but a lot of big sunflowers…If I carry out my plan there will be a dozen pictures. The whole thing a symphony in blue and yellow. I start working every day at dawn because the flowers wilt very quickly, and it has to be painted at one go.

You know Gauguin was especially taken with them. One of the things he said about them was: ‘That… that is…the flower.” As you know, peonies are Jeannin’s, holly cocks are Quost’s, and sunflowers, well sunflowers are mine.”
Leonardo da Vinci - 555th Year of His Birth   Text     Biography  

“(…) with his sharp mind and endless curiosity, Leonardo began to re-discover his environment with his own observations, and with the method of “tabulaa rasa” he found the chance to develop his own point of view on every matter… Leonardo’s ease and talent in drawing attracted attention from his early years on and at the same time the perfection of his figures proved that he was a unique talent.”

Haşim Nur Gürel
Malevich and the Black Square   Text     Biography  

The famous painting “Black Square”(1913) can probably be considered as one of the milestones of 20th century art. It was a turning point for the Russian artist Kazimir Malevich and possesed great influence in the art world. Throughout his life, Malevich explored many dimensions and expressions by means of art in an exhaustive manner, despite all obstacles, such as the political unstable state of Russia during the time he had to overcome.
Amadeo Modigliani - Painting and Sculpture Retrospective Exhibition   Text     Biography  

Modigliani, who was not interested in spatial effect, composed his paintings of large fields of color and gave them an iconlike expression. With a search for an expression of detachment and of an experience beyond external reality, also witnessed in 14. century painters, he abolished the characteristic black contour in some paintings and focused on the feelings evoked by colors, on the writhing of bodies and the absent expression on faces. His figures that gaze into infinity form the connection between his work and depictions of saints and place them in a transcendant world.
Toulouse Lautrec: The Vision of Bohemian Life   Text     Biography  

Lautrec is a total urban man. He is the marginal of city environment which took its form in the modern age, casts out the human being and in here everything is for the market. Though he is a rich person, his life within the debauched people is his conscious choice. Lautrec does not leave those places even in his most hard times. He lives his existence and also becomes consumed in that urban bohemia. – Is this the real truth? Or all the things written after the artist’s death are a task that layed on him? Or is it the community’s histeria of making a cult for each era of the history? If not, what is it?
Vincent van Gogh’s 150th Year - Self - Portraits and Portraits   Text     Biography  

The works in this exhibition reflect also the influence of the Japanese prints(1) which had an impact on almost all of the impressionists and also reveal traces of Vincent van Gogh‘s relation with the impressionist artists and the effects of their works. If we compare the exhibition‘s first self-portrait with the others which followed it we notice on the artist‘s colour palette and his strokes‘ style a striking difference. In the exhibition there are 33 self-portraits; 6 works whose subjects are the Postman Roulin and the members of his family, the artists materials salesman Pere Tanguy‘s 3 portraits, Dr. Gachet‘s two and one of his wife’s. Among the other 15 portraits; Algerian soldiers and their commander, one shepherd, the painter’s mother, the owner of a bar, an artist and various young women and girls are the models who have accepted to pause for the artist.
Paul Gauguin - Self-Portraits and Portraits   Text     Biography  

“When does a painting’s formation begin and when does it end? When feelings boil and burst through and when all those thoughts like lavas of a volcano overflow, is it not the sudden creation of an artistic work, even if it is not a very keen and a superhuman explosion? The mind’s conscious calculations have no impact before that outburst, but who can know when the artistic work starts in the being of the artist? May be this work has been engendered by the subconscious.”

“The most important thing in my thoughts is this: Am I on the right road, is there any improvement in my endeavour, am I making mistakes concerning my art? Because problems with the materials, questions about the preparation of the canvas are of secondary importance."
Rodin: Pioneer of Modern Sculpture   Text     Biography  

“I have invented nothing”, Rodin said of his own art; “I only rediscover, and it seems to be new because the aim and methods of my art have in a general way been lost sight of. People mistake for innovation what is only a return to the laws of the great statuary of antiquity. I look at things from a symbolical view-point, but it is nature that gives me all that. I do not imitate the Greeks, but I try to put myself in the state of mind of the men who have left us the statues of antiquity. The schools copy their works, but what is of importance is to rediscover their methods.”
Monet: Expression of the Light by Emotions   Text     Biography  

“I am a slave to my work, forever in pursuit of the impossible... I have little time left to live and I must give all of it to painting, in the hope that I will finally achive something fine, which if it is possible will also satisfy me.” Monet told his friend G. Berbheim-Jeune in his letter written in 1918. It is unknown that if he was satisfied with, what he had done, before he died; but it is certain that he made an epoch in Western Art History with his paintings which were made by a look of different perspective from traditional painting.
Paul Cézanne: Painter of Painters   Text     Biography  

“…he overcame his shy, asocial, skeptic behavior by exposing himself to his childhood and adolescence spaces, i.e. his home town, where he was content with his local friendships away from Paris, where he was despised and excluded. A “Cézanne painting” is the result of patience, neatness and an understanding of discipline that makes use of previous experiences. A language of “painting from nature” and “doing what no one has done and perhaps what no one can do”.”
Edgar Degas: Painter of Dance and Women   Text     Biography  

Moving from the world of spectacle to the privacy of indoors, Degas found the means to distill the contextual connotations in his earlier paintings and focus on the figure as a mechanism, a mobile construction for movement and light, bereft of explicit signification, existing with its plastic qualities, domineering composition and voyeuristic curiosity, where affluent flesh, firmness of bones, tresses and drapery are but vehicles for the artist’s whim in application of color and modelling.
Manet: Painter of Modern Life   Text     Biography  

Don’t worry about the background. Just go for the tonal values. You see? When you look at it, and above all when you think how to render it as you see it, that is, in such a way that it makes the same impresssion on the viewer as it does on you, you don’t look for, you don’t see the lines on the paper over there do you? And then, when you look at the whole thing, you don’t try to count the scales on the salmon. Of course not. You see them as little silver pearls against grey and pink – isn’t that right? – look at the pink of this salmon, with the bone appearing white in the centre and than greys like shades of mother of pearl!
Rembrandt: Master of Light and Shadow   Text     Biography  

Rembrandt Harmensz van Rijn, is the greatest Dutch, infact the greatest 17th century European artist known. Recognized as ‘the painter of light’, the artist produced numerous self-portraits throughout his life, used unique artistic techniques and was a master of light and shadow.
From Van Eyck to Warhol

Although from the "Museums" section of "Research Resources it is possible to reach the images of the works of the great masters of painting, with the selections made here the aim was to reflect the developement of this media from Renaissance to our day. The selection made aimed at the most famous works of the most well known painters.
250th Anniversary of Kitagawa Utamaro   Text     Biography  

From the outset, scenes from the pleasure districts were among the favourite themes of the ukiyo-e painters. The depiction of the courtesans and their magnificent garmens was exstremely popular. However, the girls known in Utamaro’s day as “The Three Beauties of the Kansei Era” were not prostitates at all, but quite ordinary young women. Gradually, waittresses and geishas also came to be the subjects of ukiyo-e painting. The picture reproduced here portrays Nanbaya Okita, Takashimaya Osia and Tomimoto Tohoyina. Okita was a dancing-girl in a tea-house in front of the Zuishinmon gate in Akasuka. Ohisa was the daughter of a tea- house proprietor in the Ryogoku Yagenbori district of Edo.
Modern Art and Primitivism   Text  

Then why this “thing” which doesn’t seem to be based on sound statements persisted continously from late 19th century Sembolism till midst of 20th century Abstract Expressionism and was used as an opposite to modern art? Should using primitivism in modern art be seen as an exotic style as Herbert Read stated in his book “Modern Sculpture” or should we listen attentively to the anthropologists? In other words, is it aesthetic worries that underlies primitivism or does primitivism make imperialism legal, literally?

Eczacıbaşı Collection

Fikret Mualla Selection from The Eczacıbaşı Collection   Text  

"Works by the artist in which he expands upon his street observations employing unusual compositions together with quite unpredictable and creative color harmonies may be thought of as evidence of his mental state on a particular day. But there is something also that we can see: no matter what subject this artist painted, he had an extraordinary ability to invest his work with charm. That ability was of course essential if he hoped to sell his works and keep himself alive; but it was also an indication of the love-starved condition from which this artist suffered until the last moments of his life."
Burhan Doğançay Retrospective from The Eczacıbaşı Collection   Text  

Contrary to common belief, it can be said that Doğançay's art is in no way abstract. He has an approach that starts out with concrete "human traces" and reenacts them on his canvases, then as if he is one of the persons who has made the originial marks - feeling as one of the persons on that street corner- he intervenes and adds on what he wants.
75 Paintings from The Eczacıbaşı Collection   Text  

The primary characteristic of a painting collection pertaining to a family with interests in all fields of art is that it contains acquisitions made over a long period by numerous individuals from different generations. While appraising the collection's formation, conservation and exhibition, one can also scrutinize the changes over time in the artistic outlook of one of Turkey's foremost industrial groups.

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